The principal events of Jesus’ life are as follows: Conception and birth (c. 6 BC) His miraculous conception in Nazareth and his birth in Bethlehem; Hidden life (to c. 24 AD His thirty years living in Nazareth, known as the carpenter’s son; Public ministry (to c. 27 AD) His three year mission preaching the Kingdom of God, working signs and miracles and establishing his Church; Death, Resurrection, Ascension (c. 27 AD) His submission to a cruel execution on a cross as a sacrifice for sin; his Resurrection and Ascension into glory
In his public ministry Jesus explained that he was to die for the salvation of the world (Jn 12:32) and to share with us the life of God, the Father, Son and Holy Spirit (Mt 28:19). His inaugurating of the Kingdom of God, was shown by his victory over evil in forgiving sins, preaching true justice, casting out demons and healing the sick (Mt 10:7-8).
Jesus explained his new teaching in his parables and above all in the Sermon on the Mount. By word and example he taught a new commandment of divine love of God and neighbour (Jn 13:34), a love made possible by his gift of the life of grace.
In choosing twelve apostles Jesus established a visible Church, a new Israel (Matt 10:2). He gave authority to Peter and the other apostles to govern and to teach, “Whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven” (Mt 16:19). He also gave them new sacramental rites, “Do this in remembrance of me” (Lk 22:19). These superseded the ancient Jewish rites and empower us to be born again in Baptism and live the new life of grace.